Some Types of Hardwood Floors

Using hardwood flooring is an easy way to improve the durability, value, and look of your home. This flooring can be installed in room in your home. When looking at hardwood flooring there are different ways in which to categorize this type of flooring. There are also different installation methods.

Form of the wood

• Acrylic impregnated wood-this is made of a combination of acrylic and solid wood to create a stronger material. This material is strong enough to withstand heavy traffic.
• Engineered wood-this type is made of thinner pieces of wood and layers them on top of each other. The grain of the wood are alternated in layers going in different directions. Being criss-crossed will made it able to withstand more force and weight
• Solid wood

How it is laid out and size of material

• Strips-this is generally measured in long pieces of wood of various size widths from 1.5 inches to 2.25 inches
• Planks-these long pieces of wood are wider than a strip and measure at least three inches wide.
• Parquet floors-this is an intricate pattern that uses pieces of wood, to configure a geometric pattern. It will often take the form of small strips that produce small squares. The squares usually alternate directions but can have other designs such as a zigzag look.

Installation methods

Many hardwood floors are fastened to the sub floor, which is the floor below the hardwood floor, by using staples, nails, or glue. There is also a floating floor, which is not attached to the subfloor. To protect against moister and to absorb sound a foam underlay is put on top of the subfloor. The hardwood floor is not attached to the foam underlay or subfloor. They either snap or glue together in a tongue and groove fashion. The entire floor “floats” above the sub floor. This type is often preferred because they can be put over nearly any type of surface and are easy to install.

How it is treated

The hardwood floor can be stained to give it a light or dark look. They can also be left untreated or natural. Other treatments can include antiquing, crackling, or whitewashing.

Types of finishes

When a hardwood floor is finished, a top coat penetrates deep into the wood or lies on the surface.

• Surface finish—this finish uses varnishes and urethanes. With this finish, you have to consider the odor, ease in application, durability, and drying time.
• Deep finish-this is the one that penetrates deep into the wood and will require an additional coat of wax to give it a shine.
• Sheen-this includes low or high gloss and satin finishes

Laminate Floors – Water Damage Repair

Typically, a laminate floor is water damage resistant. Unfortunately, any amount of water can still destroy the laminate floor. A laminate floor is constructed of many sections that are locked together. The homeowner can do water damage repair without needing to take up the entire floor. Before any repairs can be done you need to dry the area that is wet. It needs to be completely dry. Once dry you can put down new laminated flooring in the sections that were damaged.

Water damage can happen to the laminated floor if a washing machine, refrigerator, or dishwasher leaks. Any standing water damage the floor of course. Once you have located what caused the water leak and fixed it, it is time to dry the flooring completely. To do this you can use a wet/dry vacuum or mopping. Which method is used depends on how much water there is. After you get all the excess water dried up, put a fan on the floor and turn it on to dry the flooring.

Water damage repair starts by taking out the damp sections of the floor. To help prevent ruining the surrounding flooring you can try to use a hammer and chisel to start pulling the damaged parts of the flooring away from the floorboards. If these tools do not work, you may have to use a crowbar or circular saw. Next, use a knife to remove the tongue part of the flooring. Turn on the fan again to dry the floorboards before you put down new laminate flooring. It is important to make sure that the floorboards are dry to help prevent mold growing if the floorboards are left wet.

Most laminated flooring are done in a pattern style so you will have to recreate the pattern on the floor that had water damage before you can put it down. Once you have the pattern complete, use construction glue, and put in the first new piece of the pattern. Before it dries make sure that you clean off any excess glue. Put a heavy object on the flooring until it dries completely. Instead of using glue and dealing with the mess you can use nails. If you choose to use nails, you will need to nail the first flooring section on an existing section so it fits tightly. Continue piecing the pattern together on the flooring until you have the floor repaired. If you cannot find the pattern to match your current laminate flooring you will have to tear all of the flooring up and put down a new one with a different pattern. If you are unable to do this job yourself you can hire a professional to do the water damage repair.